S 143 directs the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and leverage its artificial intelligence resources to support the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare services. Specifically, this bill stipulates that the DOE establish a research and development program to discover ways for artificial intelligence and high-performance computing to help solve the VA’s big-data challenges related to the provision of healthcare services and prediction of veterans’ health risks.
To support these ends, the DOE will establish and coordinate competitive, merit-reviewed grant opportunities for applicant initiatives developing new approaches for applying artificial intelligence techniques (e.g., machine learning, natural language processing, data analytics, etc.) to healthcare and genomic data from the VA. Within two years of this bill’s passing, the DOE should submit a report of this initiative’s progress, effectiveness, and vision to the Department of Commerce and House Committees on Veterans Affairs as well as Science, Space, and Technology. Copies of the report must also be shared with the Senate Committees on Veterans Affairs as well as Energy and Natural Resources. Funding for this initiative will be provided by the VA and will total $27 million through 2019 and 2020.
This bill also calls for the DOE to establish an Artificial Intelligence, Data Analytics, and Computational Research Pilot program. This program would involve a competitive, merit-reviewed grant process for Federal, academics, and relevant organizations to pursue the development and application of innovative uses of artificial intelligence and high-performance computing to solve complex big-data challenges. Within two years of this bill’s passing, the DOE must submit a report of this initiative’s discoveries, effectiveness, and opportunities for growth to the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology as well as the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Funding for this program will be provided by the DOE and will total $52 million through 2019 and 2020.