National Child Identification Act of 2019 (HR 4172, 116th Congress)

Policy Details

Policy Details

Originating Entity
Last Action
Introduced and referred to Committee
Date of Last Action
Aug 6 2019
Congressional Session
116th Congress
Date Introduced
Aug 6 2019
Publication Date
Nov 5 2019

SciPol Summary

The National Child Identification Act of 2019 amends the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Act of 1974 by adding provisions granting law enforcement agencies the ability to use DNA kits, provided to parents by programs like the National Child Identification Program, to facilitate missing children investigations. The National Child Identification Program, which resulted from a collaboration between the Department of Justice, the Department of State, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, local law enforcement agencies, and non-profit organizations, sends in-home inkless fingerprint and DNA identification kits to parents of children in kindergarten or elementary school. In the case where a child goes missing, parents can submit these kits to law enforcement in order to assist in the identification and retrieval of the child.

This bill would enable decentralized storage of identification information, rather than storage at a centralized law enforcement facility, which sometimes lacks the infrastructure to properly maintain these fingerprints and DNA samples.

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