The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 was intended to move the United States toward energy independence and security by increasing the production of renewable energy; increasing the energy efficiency of existing products, buildings and vehicles; promoting research and deployment for greenhouse gas (GHG) capture and storage options; and improving the federal government’s energy performance.
Security and life safety products have historically had difficulty meeting the energy efficiency measures set by the DOE in response to EISA, largely due to their constant “active” mode. Because security and life safety products are always on, they have difficulty meeting the requirements that other standby or no-load products can easily meet. These systems typically rely on Class A external power sources (usually used to power systems that exist, at least in part, in standby or no-load mode), rather than internal batteries.
The EISA originally exempted these products from DOE’s energy efficiency requirements; however, this exemption expired July 1, 2017. As a result, all security and life safety products that did not meet these standards were no longer in compliance with DOE standards.
The Congressional Budget Office score on the PASS Act showed only minimal economic costs to the passing of the bill, which contributed to its easy passage.